Composite products

Introduction

Composite products are foodstuffs that contain both products of plant origin and processed products of animal origin.

"a foodstuff intended for human consumption that contains both processed products of animal origin and products of plant origin and includes those where the processing of primary product is an integral part of the production of the final product". Composite products are for example sandwiches, mayonnaise... 

Both the components and the final composite product fall under the provisions of the hygiene regulations.

The processed products of animal origin are subject to checks and a veterinary certificate is mandatory, with both of these requirements depending on the nature of the processed product of animal origin as described in the legislation.

You can find detailed information on the specific pages of DG Health and Food Safety under the relevant section.

On the website of DG Health and Food Safety there are numerous links to the website containing the regulations of the European Union.

Import controls

Introduction

At the approved border inspection posts, after pre-notification to the FASFC, composite products are subjected to the checks included in Directive 97/78 and Regulation 136/2004.

There is a comprehensive body of Community legislation in place, which deals with veterinary border control.

On the website of DG Health and Food Safety there are numerous links to the website containing the regulations of the European Union.

An illustrative guidance document on composite products can be found on the website of DG Health and Food Safety.

Import regulations are highly harmonized across the EU. This means that rules are laid down at EU level which apply to the import of products in all Member States of the European Union. Depending on the origin of the processed product of animal origin, rules are laid down in the veterinary certificate which apply to a third country or a part of a third country authorized to export to the European Union.

 The certificate also applies to an establishment or a vessel authorized or registered to export to the European Union, in so far as this is required by Community legislation. Finally, the approval of a residue plan submitted by the third country may also be a requirement for the product in question. 

Inspections and decision

Pre-notification

Each consignment of composite products must be notified by an interested party to the FASFC at the BIP of arrival at least in advance of the estimated time of arrival on EU territory. This pre-notification must be made by means of a Common Veterinary Entry Document, the CVED, via the TRACES system.   A CVED, the model of which is laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 136/2004, must be drawn up for each consignment.

Documentary checks

Each consignment is subjected to a documentary check. To this end, the original veterinary certificate and the CED accompanying the consignment must be submitted to the BIP at which the consignment arrives in the EU. Among others things, it is assessed whether the veterinary document is an original document, whether it complies with the model prescribed by the EU and whether the consignment originates from an approved country and an approved establishment (if applicable).

Identity checks

Each consignment is subjected to an identity check. During the identity check it is established whether the consignment details correspond to the information on the accompanying veterinary certificate.  These include, among other things, the container number, the seal numbers, the country of origin, the product description, the shipment codes and the approval numbers of the production establishments and the product labels. 

Physical checks

Composite products are subjected to a physical check.

During the physical checks packages are opened in order to subject the products to certain tests, such as a temperature check, organoleptic tests, etc. Depending on the requirements, samples may also be taken for laboratory testing.

Last updated: 20/09/2019