Official animal diseases in Belgium

For the latest, up to date information on the animal health situation in Belgium, go to the WAHID interface on the OIE website : http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Countryinformation/Animalsituation

 

Public list of disease-free area in Belgium (art.39 of Regulation (EU) 2016/429) 

 

Official animal diseases in Belgium

The following animal diseases, listed by the susceptible species, are notifiable following the Royal Decree of 3 February 2014:

 

Animal diseases, officially notifiable by the responsible holder of the animals, the veterinarian and the responsible of the laboratory

All mammal species

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Anthrax

 

 

1989

 

Rabies

 

 

03/2008

Due to illegal import of a dog.

Last Belgian case dates from 1998 (wildlife - fox) and 1999 (domestic animals - cow)

Free from disease ~ OIE

Aujeszky’s disease

 

 

2002 (domestic pigs)

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Implementing Decision 2011/648/EU)

 

 

Equines

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Equine infectious anemia

 

 

12/2012

 

Dourine

 

X

 

 

Equine Eastern encephalomyelitis

 

X

 

 

Equine Western encephalomyelitis

 

X

 

 

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

 

X

 

 

Epizootic lymfangitis

 

X

 

 

Glanders

 

 

1919

Free from disease ~ OIE

African horse sickness

 

X

 

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Vesicular stomatitis

 

X

 

 

West Nile fever

 

X

 

 

Japanese encephalitis

 

X

 

 

Hendra virus

 

X

 

 

 

 

Ruminants and camelidae

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Foot and mouth disease

 

 

02/1976

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Bluetongue

X

 

 

 

Rift Valley fever

 

X

 

 

Rinderpest

 

 

1920

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

(Rinderpest was declared as eradicated worldwide by the OIE and FAO in May and June 2011)

Peste des petits ruminants

 

X

 

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Q fever

X

 

 

 

 

 

Cattle

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Brucellosis

 

 

01/2013

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2003/467/EC)

Free from disease ~ OIE

Bovine Viral Diarrhea

X

 

 

 

Lumpy skin disease

 

X

 

 

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

 

 

2006

Official negligible risk status regarding BSE ~ OIE (May 2012)

Enzootic bovine leucosis

 

 

1997

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2003/467/EC)

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

 

 

1897

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Bovine tuberculosis

X

 

 

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2003/467/EC)

Vesicular stomatitis

 

X

 

 

Botulism

X

 

 

 

Haemorrhagic septicemia

 

X

 

 

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis / infectious pustular vulvovaginitis

X

 

 

 

 

 

Sheep and goat

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Brucellosis (B. abortus)

 

X

 

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2003/467/EC)

 

Brucellosis (B. melitensis)

 

X

 

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 93/52/EEC)

Free from disease ~ OIE

Brucellosis (B. ovis)

 

X

 

 

Sheep and goat pox

 

X

 

 

Scrapie

 

 

2007

 

 

 

Cervids

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Haemorrhagic septicemia

 

X

 

 

Chronic wasting disease

 

X

 

 

 

 

Swine

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Foot and mouth disease

 

 

02/1976

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Brucellosis

 

 

1969

 

Enzootic encephalomyelitis (Teschen disease)

 

X

 

 

Vesicular swine disease

 

 

02/1993

 

Trichinosis (Trichinella spp.)

 

 

1979

Free of Trichinella in accordance with Article 3 (3) (c) of Regulation (EU) 2015/1375

African swine fever - domestic pigs

 

 

05/1985

Free from disease ~ OIE 2007
Reconfirmed on 05/04/2019 (Self-declaration)

African swine fever - feral pigs

 

 

Last viral circulation in wild boars in September 2019 after the occurrence of the disease (only in wild boars) in September 2018

 

Classical swine fever

 

 

07/1997

Officially free from disease ~ OIE

Vesicular stomatitis

 

X

 

 

Nipah virus

 

X

 

 

Japanese encephalitis

 

X

 

 

 

 

Poultry and birds

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Avian influenza HP - Wild birds

Since 11/11/2021 

 

 

Disease limited to one or more areas

Avian influenza HP - Poultry

 

 

03/2022

Free from disease ~ OIE

Avian influenza HP - Captive birds

 

 

03/2022

 

Avian influenza LP - Poultry 

 

 

12/2020

 

Newcastle disease

 

 

2018 (poultry) – 2018 (birds)

Free from disease ~ OIE

Paramyxovirus disease in pigeons

 

 

28/10/2020

 

Avian cholera

 

X

 

 

 

 

Poultry

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Mycoplasma Gallisepticum –

 

 

January 2022

 

Mycoplasma Meleagridis

 

X

 

 

Salmonella Pullorum/Gallinarum - Salmonella arizonae

 

 

09/01/2017 (layers)

 

 

 

Lagomorphs

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Tularemia

 

 

2003

 

 

 

Mink

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Viral enteritis

 

X

 

 

 

 

Honeybees

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Acariosis (Acarapis woodi)

 

 

2000

 

Aethina tumida (Small hive beetle)

 

X

 

 

Tropilaelaps spp.

 

X

 

 

American foulbrood (Paenibacillus larvae)

X

 

 

 

European foulbrood (Melissococcus plutonius)

X

 

 

 

 

 

Fish

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Infectious salmon anemia

 

 

 

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2009/177/EU)

Infectious haematopoietic necrosis

 

 

2015

 

Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia

X

 

 

 

Koi herpesvirus

X

 

 

 

Epizootic haematopoietic necrosis

 

X

 

 

 

 

Molluscs

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Bonamia ostreae

 

 

2008

 

Marteilia refringens

 

X

 

 

Bonamia exitiosa

 

X

 

 

Perkinsus marinus

 

X

 

 

Microcytos mackini

 

X

 

 

 

 

Crustacea

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

White spot disease

 

X

 

 

Taura syndrome

 

X

 

 

Yellow head disease

 

X

 

 

 

 

Amphibians

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

X

 

 

 

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans

 

 

2017

 

Ranavirus

 

 

2010 (wildlife)

 

 

Zoonoses officially notifiable by the responsible of the laboratory, when detected during a laboratory exam

 

Viral zoonoses

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Norovirus

X

 

 

 

Hepatitis A virus

X

 

 

 

Influenza virus

X

 

 

 

Arthropod born viruses

 

 

 

 

Viral zoonotic encephalitis

 

X

 

 

Nipah virus

 

X

 

 

Hendra virus

 

X

 

 

Ebola virus

 

X

 

 

Monkey pox

 

X

 

 

 

Bacterial zoonoses

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Borreliosis

X

 

 

 

Botulism

X

 

 

 

Brucellosis

X

 

 

 

Campylobacteriosis

X

 

 

 

Leptospirosis

X

 

 

 

Listeriosis

X

 

 

 

Psittacosis

X

 

 

 

Salmonellosis

X

 

 

 

Tuberculosis

 

 

2018

Free from disease ~ EU (Commission Decision 2003/467/EC

Vibriosis

X

 

 

 

Yersioniosis

X

 

 

 

Q fever

X

 

 

 

Verocytotoxin producing E. coli

X

 

 

 

 

Parasitic zoonoses

Disease

Present

Absent

Absent

Official status

(OIE/EU)

 

 

Disease never reported

Last case

 

Anisakiasis

X

 

 

 

Cryptosporidiosis

X

 

 

 

Cysticercosis

X

 

 

 

Echinococcosis

X

 

 

 

Toxoplasmosis

X

 

 

 

Trichinellosis

X

 

 

 

 

Last updated: 21/06/2022