Various groups of products are marketed to fertilise crops and to improve the quality of soil, including fertilisers, soil improvers, growing media, sewage sludge or related products.
A fertiliser, soil improver, growing media, sewage sludge or related products can only be marketed in Belgium if the following conditions are met:
- for mineral fertilisers, which are listed in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 2003/2003 or
- for fertilisers, soil improvers, crop substrates or related products which are listed in Annex I of the Royal Decree of 28 January 2013
Fertilisers not listed in any of the above-mentioned annexes can still be placed on the Belgian market with a derogation. Sewage sludge requires authorisation.
The derogations and authorisations are granted by the Plant Protection Products and Fertilisers Department of the FPS Public Health, Safety of the Food Chain and Environment (FPS-HSFCE). This department is also responsible for drafting the product standards and assesses the safety of these products for humans, plants, animals and the food chain as their agricultural value (activity). More information and contact details can be found on their website.
Compliance with these product standards is monitored by the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain. In addition, the Agency is also authorised for the registration and recognition of the companies.