Import controls


At the approved border control posts, after pre-notification to the FASFC, animals are subjected to the controls included in Regulation (EU) 2017/625

There is a comprehensive body of Community legislation in place, which deals with veterinary border control.

On the website of DG Health and Food Safety there are numerous links to the website containing the regulations of the European Union.

Import regulations are highly harmonized across the EU. This means that rules are laid down at European Union level which apply to the import of animals in all Member States of the EU. These are rules concerning the animal health/official certificate referring to a third country or a part of a third country authorized to export to the European Union.

For animal species for which there is no harmonized legislation in place, the Belgian conditions apply. These national conditions are listed in an import authorization. The list of animals that are NOT subject to an import authorization can be found in the annex to the circular letter (PCCB/S4/JVS/973640 - french) concerning import authorizations for live animals and products of animal origin imported from third countries into Belgium.

Inspections and decision


Each consignment of live animals must be notified by an interested party to the FASFC at the BCP of arrival at least one working day before its expected arrival on EU territory. The pre-notification must be made by means of a Common Health Entry Document, the CHED, via the TRACES (IMSOC) system.  A CHED must be drawn up for each consignment, the model of which is laid down in Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2019/1715

Documentary checks

Each consignment is subjected to a documentary check. To this end, the original animal health/official certificate and the CHED accompanying the consignment must be submitted to the BCP where the consignment arrives. Among others things, it is assessed whether the document is an original document, whether it complies with the model prescribed by the EU and whether the consignment originates from an approved country and an approved establishment (if applicable).

Identity checks

Each consignment intended for import and transit is subjected to an identity check. 

During the identity check it is established whether the consignment details correspond to the information on the corresponding veterinary certificate. These details include the country of origin, the description and identification of the animal.

Physical checks

In all cases, live animals are subjected to a physical and welfare check by the BCP veterinarian who checks their health and assesses whether they are fit to be transported.  In certain cases, samples may be taken from the animals or a serological examination may be carried out.


After the checks have been carried out, the BCP veterinarian makes a decision regarding the consignment. The consignment may be either accepted or rejected. If the consignment is allowed into the country, it is thereby released for free circulation throughout the entire European Union (at least from a veterinary point of view).

A rejected consignment is eligible for return, slaughter or euthanasia.

The person responsible for the consignment shall receive a CHED signed and stamped by the official veterinarian (or an electronic equivalent), as well as a certified copy of the veterinary document (or an original copy in the case of transit).

Last updated: 19/01/2023