In Belgium, the prudent use of antibiotics and the prevention of antimicrobial resistance and spread in animals is an important issue for animal health policy. Certain conditions for the use of critically important antibiotics and the central registration of all antibiotic use in layers, broilers, veal calves and pigs are laid down in the Royal Decree of 21 July 2016. The different sectors and the competent authorities are working together to achieve the following targets:
- A reduction of 50% in the total use of antibiotics between 2011 and 2020;
- A reduction of 75% in the use of critical important antibiotics between 2011 and 2020;
- A reduction of 50% in the use of medicated feed with antibiotics between 2011 and 2017.
The reduction targets on the use of critical important antibiotics and on the use of medicated feed with antibiotics were achieved in 2017. Yearly activity reports give an overview of the state of play relating to the use of antibiotics and to the presence of resistance.
The monitoring of antimicrobial resistance fully complies with Commission Decision 2013/652/EU. All results are published in the national zoonoses country reports, which are available on the EFSA website. More information regarding the measures taken at EU-level, is available on the website of DG SANTE.
Results of the Belgian veterinary surveillance of antibacterial consumption (BelVet-SAC) are available in English on the website of BelVet-SAC.